The Andreevska Church is an orthodox cathedral that honors Apostle Andrew First-Called. It was built by the architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli in 1754. It is built in baroque style.
The church is located on the steep right bank of the Dnieper over the historical part of the city – Podol. The Andreevskiy descend that is located near the church connects the upper part of the city with the lower part. Today the church is used by the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.
It was built by the order of the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna in 1749-1754. The church was built by local people under the guidance of architect from Moscow Ivan Mitchurin. The place for the church wasn’t chosen by accident. This is the spot where the Apostle Andrew the First-Called installed the cross during his journey to the North.
Many artists took part in decorating the church. Ivan Vishniakov and his students created 25 icons, I.Romenskiy, I.Tchaikovskiy, A.Antropov who painted the pulpit, the dome, many icons and images on the altar. The iconostasis is created by the master from St.Petersburg. It is made of lime tree and is covered with gold. The color of the iconostasis is unusual – red.
The foundation of the church holds as it looks like light building that has 46 meters in height. The façade of the one-dome cathedral is decorated with the colons, pilasters, rich modeling. The windows and doors are decorated with beautiful ornament.
Since 1949 till 1960 the Kiev Theological seminary was located in the stylobate of the cathedral. The relics of Holly Varvara were kepth in the church itself. Soon after the seminary was closed the church was also closed due to its dangerous condition (under the threat of collapse). In 1968 the church was opened for visitors as a museum.